Modern ethics in 77 arguments A Stone reader

Book - 2017

"Modern Ethics in 77 Arguments explores long-standing ethical and moral issues in light of our most urgent dilemmas. Divided into twelve sections, the book opens with a series of broad arguments on existence, human nature and morality. Indeed, "big" questions of the human condition are explored by some of our best-known and most accomplished living philosophers: What is the meaning of our existence? Should we really "do what we love"? How should we respond to evil? Is altruism possible?" -- From book jacket.

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2nd Floor 170/Modern Checked In
New York, NY : Liveright Publishing Corporation [2017]
Physical Description
xi, 435 pages ; 25 cm
  • The
  • meaningfulness of lives /
  • Todd May
  • There is no theory of everything /
  • Simon Critchley
  • The
  • light at the end of suffering /
  • Peg O'Connor
  • Being there: Heidegger on why our presence matters /
  • Lawrence Berger
  • Against invulnerability /
  • Todd May
  • Why life is absurd /
  • Rivka Weinberg
  • A
  • life beyond "do what you love" /
  • Gordon Marino
  • Evolution and our inner conflict /
  • Edward O. Wilson
  • Learning how to die in the Anthropocene /
  • Roy Scranton
  • Is pure altruism possible? /
  • Judith Lichtenberg
  • Moral camouflage or moral monkeys? /
  • Peter Railton
  • How should we respond to "evil"? /
  • Steven Paulikas
  • The
  • moral logic of survivor guilt /
  • Nancy Sherman
  • How to live without irony /
  • Christy Wampole
  • Deluded individualism /
  • Firmin DeBrabander
  • The
  • dangers of happiness /
  • Carl Cederström
  • Are we ready for a "morality pill"? /
  • Peter Singer and Agata Sagan
  • Why our children don't think there are moral facts /
  • Justin P. McBrayer
  • Morals without God? /
  • Frans de Waal
  • The
  • dangers of certainty: a lesson from Auschwitz /
  • Simon Critchley
  • Confessions of an ex-moralist /
  • Joel Marks
  • The
  • maze of moral relativism /
  • Paul Boghossian
  • Can moral disputes be resolved? /
  • Alex Rosenberg
  • Moral dispute or cultural difference? /
  • Carol Rovane
  • Navigating past nihilism /
  • Sean D. Kelly
  • Does it matter whether God exists? /
  • Gary Gutting
  • Good minus God /
  • Louise M. Antony
  • Pascal's wager 2.0 /
  • Gary Gutting
  • The
  • sacred and the humane /
  • Anat Biletzki
  • Why God is a moral issue /
  • Michael Ruse
  • The
  • rigor of love /
  • Simon Critchley
  • God is a question, not an answer /
  • William Irwin
  • What's wrong with blasphemy? /
  • Andrew F. March
  • Questions for free-market moralists /
  • Amia Srinivasan
  • Is our patriotism moral? /
  • Gary Gutting
  • The
  • irrationality of natural life sentences /
  • Jennifer Lackey
  • Spinoza's vision of freedom, and ours /
  • Steven Nadler
  • If war can have ethics, Wall Street can, too /
  • Nathaniel B. Davis
  • The
  • moral hazard of drones /
  • John Kaag and Sarah Kreps
  • Reasons for reason /
  • Michael P. Lynch
  • The
  • morality of migration /
  • Seyla Benhabib
  • What do we owe each other? /
  • Aaron James Wendland
  • Can refugees have human rights? /
  • Omri Boehm
  • Dependents of the state /
  • Amia Srinivasan
  • Is voting out of self-interest wrong? /
  • Gary Gutting
  • Philosophizing with guns /
  • Simone Gubler
  • A
  • crack in the stoic's armor /
  • Nancy Sherman
  • Who needs a gun? /
  • Gary Gutting
  • The
  • freedom of an armed society /
  • Firmin DeBrabander
  • Is American nonviolence possible? /
  • Todd May
  • Walking while black in the "white gaze" /
  • George Yancy
  • Race, truth and our two realities /
  • Chris Lebron
  • Getting past the outrage on race /
  • Gary Gutting
  • Philosophy's Western bias /
  • Justin E.H. Smith
  • Dear White America /
  • George Yancy
  • Of cannibals, kings and culture: the problem of ethnocentricity /
  • Adam Etinson
  • What, to the black American, is Martin Luther King Jr. Day? /
  • Chris Lebron
  • Is real inclusiveness possible? /
  • Justin E.H. Smith
  • When prostitution is nobody's business /
  • Laurie Shrage
  • On abortion and defining a "person" /
  • Gary Gutting
  • Girlfriend, mother, professor? /
  • Carol Hay
  • The
  • disappearing women /
  • Rae Langton
  • A
  • feminist Kant /
  • Carol Hay
  • Think before you breed /
  • Christine Overall
  • Is forced fatherhood fair? /
  • Laurie Shrage
  • "Mommy wars" redux: a false conflict /
  • Amy Allen
  • The
  • end of "marriage" /
  • Laurie Shrage
  • My parents' mixed messages on the Holocaust /
  • Jason Stanley
  • The
  • meat eaters /
  • Jeff McMahan
  • If peas can talk, should we eat them? /
  • Michael Marder
  • When vegans won't compromise /
  • Bob Fischer and James McWilliams
  • The
  • enigma of animal suffering /
  • Rhys Southan
  • Is humanity getting better? /
  • Leif Wenar
  • Should this be the last generation? /
  • Peter Singer
  • What do we owe the future? /
  • Patricia I. Vieira and Michael Marder
  • The
  • importance of the afterlife. Seriously. /
  • Samuel Scheffler
  • Accepting the past, facing the future /
  • Todd May.
Review by Booklist Review

Nietzsche might not have claimed believed that journalists vomit their bile and call it a newspaper if he had ever read The Stone, the New York Times column devoted to philosophy. Having served as the seedbed for The Stone Reader: Modern Philosophy in 133 Arguments (2015), The Stone here yields 77 comparable essays on modern ethics. Inevitably, ethical issues prove sensitive to bias, and the Times' sociopolitical slant leaves scant space for tradition or faith in the treatment of topics such as abortion or marriage. However, that slant proves ideal for unfolding distinctly modern perspectives on such matters and many more. Scores of thought-provoking writers invite their readers to ponder questions such as what the correspondence theory of truth teaches about the Black Lives Matter movement, why an updated version of Pascal's Wager still has meaning in a culture dominated by skepticism, and how Nietzsche's proclamation of the death of God challenges unbelievers to find personal strategies for defeating nihilism and experiencing happiness. Journalism has rarely opened wider intellectual horizons.--Christensen, Bryce Copyright 2017 Booklist

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission. Review by Library Journal Review

Catapano (opinion editor, New York Times) and Critchley (philosophy, The New Sch.) gather 77 articles on ethics, almost all by philosophers, that first appeared in the Times' philosophy column, "The Stone." The articles cover a range of issues, both theoretical and practical, such as: Are morals relative to culture? Carol Rovane defends a version of moral relativism, but Paul Boghossian argues that such a view is incoherent. What is the relation between -morality and religion? What is the relevance of evolution to ethics? Readers will find much diversity in the answers offered, and this diversity does not disappear when policy issues arise. Jeff McMahan suggests that animal suffering has radical implications, not only for what we eat but also possibly for how we deal with predatory species of animals. Amia Srinivasan raises problems for the free market libertarianism of Robert Nozick, and Gary Gutting suggests that most people do not need guns. The contributors who address race relations, such as George Yancy, find much that needs reform; and the same is true of those who write on family and gender issues. VERDICT Highly recommended for anyone interested in the current issues of contemporary moral philosophy.-David Gordon, Ludwig von Mises Inst., Auburn, AL © Copyright 2017. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. Review by Kirkus Book Review

Guns, race, and human rights are among the varied ethical issues tackled in a wide-ranging collection.New York Times online opinion editor Catapano and philosophy professor Critchley (The New School) have selected more than 40 essays from their previous collection, The Stone Reader: Modern Philosophy in 133 Arguments (2015) and added more than 30 recent pieces from the Times' "Stone" column, all focused specifically on ethics. A trimmer collection than The Stone Reader, this one, the editors believe, will have more appeal for classroom use. The essays are grouped into a dozen categories: existence, human nature, morality, religion, government, citizenship, guns, race, gender, family, eating, and the future. Topics range from the broad (the meaning of life) to the specific (should we eat animals?). No previous knowledge of philosophy is required to follow the writers' arguments, and many essays are likely to spur interest in the philosophers discussed. In "How Should We Respond to Evil?" for example, Episcopal priest Steven Paulikas brings in French philosopher Paul Ricoeur, who believed that responses to evil must be focused on alleviating victims' suffering rather than on revenge; Paulikas contrasts that view with that of Bill O'Reilly, who announced on The Late Show that the proper response to evil is "destroy it." Besides Ricoeur, other philosophers discussed include Aristotle, Plato, Spinoza, Hume, Kant, William James, and Bertrand Russell. Moral relativism recurs as a theme: Adam Etinson, writing about the problem of ethnocentricity, cites Montaigne, who noticed humans' tendency to privilege their own cultural beliefs and practices over those of other cultures, an issue also considered by philosopher and historian Justin E. H. Smith in "Philosophy's Western Bias." Philosophy professor Carol Rovane offers a proposal for resolving moral differences by examining "different moral circumstances" for which individuals "need quite different moral truths." Overall, the volume asks readers to examine their own contexts and biases for making ethical decisions and judging the behavior of others. An accessible volume of thoughtful, concise contributions. Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

Copyright (c) Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.